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[[Category:Grammar]]

Latest revision as of 11:54, November 3, 2019

Russian alphabet consists of 33 letters: 21 letters are consonants, 10 letters are vowels and 2 letters don't have a sound.

Letter Name Sounds Type
Russian English
Аа а [а] /a/ vowel
Бб бэ [б]

[б']

/b/ consonant
Вв вэ [в]

[в']

/v/ consonant
Гг гэ [г]

[г']

/g/ consonant
Дд дэ [д]

[д']

/d/ consonant
Ее йэ [й'э] /ye/ vowel
Ёё йо [й'о] /yo/ vowel
Жж жэ [ж] /dz/ consonant
Зз зэ [з]

[з']

/z/ consonant
Ии и [и] /i/ vowel
Йй и краткое [й'] /y/ consonant
Кк кэ [к]

[к']

/k/ consonant
Лл эл [л]

[л']

/l/ consonant
Мм эм [м]

[м']

/m/ consonant
Нн эн [н]

[н']

/n/ consonant
Оо о [о] /o/ vowel
Пп пэ [п]

[п']

/p/ consonant
Рр эр [р]

[р']

/r/ consonant
Сс эс [с]

[с']

/s/ consonant
Тт тэ [т]

[т']

/t/ consonant
Уу у [у] /u/ vowel
Фф эф [ф]

[ф']

/f/ consonant
Хх хэ [х]

[х']

/h/ consonant
Цц цэ [ц]

[ц']

/ts/ consonant
Чч чэ [ч'] /ch/ consonant
Шш ша [ш] /sh/ consonant
Щщ ща [щ'] /shch/ consonant
ъ твёрдый знак
- no sound
ы ы [ы] /y/ vowel
ь мягкий знак - - no sound
Ээ э [э] /e/ vowel
Юю йу [й'у] /yu/ vowel
Яя йа [й'а] /ya/ vowel
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